You Guide to Avocado Varieties

Avocado season is in full swing in South Africa from March through to September. You will notice different shapes, colours and flavours of Avocados, but which one is your favourite? The creamy buttery type, or the milder firm types? Most people know about the big KZN butter avos, but do you know where avos are mostly grown in South African?  It’s time to learn…

This Avo Guide is thanks to the SAAGA. If you’re an Avo-lover, then follow them on social media to learn more about Avos, and get some delicious Avocado recipes.

AVOCADO VARIETIES

Edranol

Edranol AVocado

Availability:

From June to September

Characteristics:

A thick green skin with small light brown speckles (lenticels). It stays green when ripe and the flesh has a rich, nutty taste.

Fuerte

Fuerte Avocado

Availability:

From March to July

Characteristics:

Pear or egg-shaped. It has a thin waxy skin, which remains green on ripening and separates easily from the flesh. The flesh has a rich creamy texture.

Hass

Hass Avocado

Availability:

From May to October

Characteristics:

Egg-shaped with a rough green skin, which usually turns purple-black when ripe. The flesh is firm with a creamy texture and a slightly nutty taste. The thick skin is an advantage when serving half an avocado as the flesh can be easily scooped out.

Lamb Hass

lamb hass avocado

Availability:

From August to November

Characteristics:

Shiny pebbly skin that turns purple black, and is squarish at the stem end. Unlike Hass, it may turn dark before ripening.

Maluma Hass

Maluma Hass

Availability:

From March to July

Characteristics:

Has a thick, pebbly dark green, shiny skin that turns purple-black once ripe. The flesh has a rich nutty taste.

Pinkerton

Pinkerton Avocado

Availability:

From April to July

Characteristics:

A pronounced thickish neck compared to most other cultivars. It has a thick, rough, green skin that does not yield easily to pressure and remains green when ripe. The flesh is sometimes slightly sweet.

Ryan

Ryan Avocado

Availability:

From July to October

Characteristics:

Egg-shaped with a green skin that does not change colour on ripening. It is popular towards the end of the avocado season.

Reed

Reed Avocado

Availability:

From September to November

Characteristics:

Has a more rounded shape and is usually quite large. Ripe fruit remains green and is soft to the touch. It has a distinctive taste with a creamy, smooth, buttery texture.

AVOCADO PRODUCTION

% Production by province

Limpopo:
± 60 %

Mpumalanga:
± 29 %

KZN:
± 9 %

Cape provinces:
± 2 %

INDUSTRY FACTS:

  • 19 000 ha planted in South Africa
  • ±1500 ha new plantings annually
  • 5-year average annual production: 125 600 t.
  • Employment: 1 permanent worker / 2.6 h.a.
  • Time to full production: 6-8 years

If you want to learn more, read this Avocado Production Guide thanks to the SAAGA (South African Avocado Growers Association), the Department of Agriculture & Fisheries.